Main Rules

  • Contact SES if you see a suspected dangerous item. Report here by texting mine to +38 093 011 01 01  or calling 101”
  • ALWAYS follow official warning sign and the unofficial warning signs such as tied grass, heaped stones, circles of stones, fencing
  • Always ask local people for information about the mine or UXO threat. Avoid areas where battles took place
  • Add take care at checkpoints and do not leave the paved road, even to go to the bathroom, because these areas may be contaminated with mines or UXO
  • Be observant and look for visible signs of mines or UXO
  • Keep to well-used roads and paths
  • Keep to the centre of a road or path, not at the sides, as mines may have been laid at the sides of paths or roads
  • Avoid touching anything, especially on the sides of roads and paths
  • Ask others about forest areas where troops have been deployed and fighting has taken place. Don’t go to these areas, and use other known safe areas for the collection of firewood
  • Find out about former military positions and avoid these are
RETURNEES – Are you considering returning to your area of origin? Get more information here.

Safety rules for those returning to their homes in areas where fighting or shelling have taken place

  • Before travelling to your place of origin enquire about safe roads from the local administration
  • When travelling back to your place of origin, stay on paved roads, don’t take shortcuts to avoid checkpoints
  • Take care at checkpoints and do not leave the paved road, even to go to the bathroom, because these areas may be contaminated with mines or UXO
  • When you arrive at your settlement ask your neighbours and friends for information on which areas to avoid and which are safe:
    • Former military positions in the area as well as areas where fighting or shelling took place and do not go to these areas – they might be booby-trapped or contain mines or UXO
    • Areas that are known to be suspected of being contaminated with mines and UXO and should be avoided
    • Known safe areas
    • Local warning systems that are in use to mark mines or UXO
    • Any explosive accidents that have happened in the area – That area may contain mines or UXO, and should be avoided.
  • Consult the internet to see if any incidents have been reported in your area
  • If you find any suspicious items on your property or land, report it immediately to the SES by reporting here, by texting mine to +38 093 011 01 01 or call 101”
  • Ask the SES to conduct a preliminary check of the property before entering
TRAVELERS – Are you travelling through suspected dangerous areas? Get more information here.

Safety rules for those who are traveling:

  • Before travelling enquire about safe roads from the local administration
  • When travelling, stay on paved roads, don’t take shortcuts to avoid checkpoints
  • Take care at checkpoints and do not leave the paved road, even to go to the bathroom, because these areas may be contaminated with mines or UXO
  • If you hit a mine or UXO with your vehicle, stay in the vehicle and call the SES on 101 for assistance
FARMERS – Do you have farmland you think may be contaminated? Get more information here.

Safety rules for farmers:

  • Agricultural areas in the vicinity of the contact line or in areas of previous fighting or shelling may be contaminated with landmines or UXO
  • If you know that there was fighting or shelling in the area, before starting any farming activities, contact SES to survey the area for mines or UXO contamination
  • If mines or UXO are identified on your land, request SES to conduct remove the dangerous item(s)
  • Contact SES to arrange a safety training for your employees
  • Protect your life and assets (animals/machinery) by taking particular care during ploughing / seeding /grass mowing /harvesting season
  • If you come across any suspected dangerous items while working, stop working, and inform your supervisor /co-workers/family immediately. Report it immediately to the SES on 101
  • If you experience an explosion under the tractor or other farm machinery, stop the vehicle, turn off the engine. Do not get out of the vehicle and call SES 101 for help
HOW TO KEEP YOUR CHILDREN SAFE – Are you in doubt of what you can do to keep your children safe? Get more information here.
It’s important to adapt mine risk education messages to your child and his/her age.

Core messages to children of the ages 6-11

  • Tell your child to stay in areas known to be safe
  • Advice your child to ask adults for directions to safe areas
  • Help your child to recognize warning signs, and tell them not to remove them
  • Help your child to recognize signs of danger
  • Tell your child not to touch or approach unknown objects
  • Instruct your child to stay put if he/she thinks he/she is in a dangerous area, your child must not move, he/she must call for help and wait!
  • Instruct your child to tell an adult if he/she sees something dangerous

Core messages to children of the ages 12-17

  • Tell your child to stay in areas known to be safe
  • Advice your child to ask adults for directions to safe areas
  • Help your child to recognize warning signs, and tell them not to remove them
  • Help your child to recognize signs of danger
  • Tell your child not to touch or approach unknown objects
  • Instruct your child to stay put if he/she thinks he/she is in a dangerous area, your child must not move, he/she must call for help and wait!
  • Instruct your child to report to the authorities if he/she has seen something dangerous or hear about a dangerous area
  • Tell your child that he/she can help by raising awareness of dangerous areas and sharing safety advice with his/her friends
mines

What to do if you found yourself in a mine field?

  • If you find yourself in a mine field, stop and see if it is possible to walk back in your own foot prints. If not don’t move and call SES on 101 for help
  • If there are other people behind you, ask them to go back carefully the way you came and to get help from the authorities.
  • If you are alone, wait for others to come and look for you. When you see them, warn them about the risk of mines and tell them not to come to you. Rather, ask them to go call for help.
  • When you are on safe land, tell other people to stay away from the dangerous area and inform the SES straight away, so they can mark the dangerous area
emergency

What to do if you come across a mine accident?

  • Do not go to the injured person – there might be more landmines, which can injure you
  • Do not allow anybody else to rush to the injured person
  • Immediately call ambulance (103) and SES (101) If no mobile phones/network and you are not alone, immediately send someone to get help
  • Talk to the injured person and assure him/her that help is coming
  • Even though you can’t go to the injured person, talk to the person and assure him/her that help is coming
  • Find someone who can give first aid

So, to be safe:

  • Don’t touch landmines and UXO. Understand the hazard that they pose, and make sure that your family and friends don’t touch them either.
  • Don’t go into known or suspected dangerous areas. Know where the problem areas are in your community, and don’t go into those areas
  • Share knowledge of hazards and coping strategies amongst your family and community members
  • Report. If you come across a suspected dangerous item, report it to the State Emergency Service straight away